Phonics information

At Junction Farm we ensure our phonics sessions are creative and interactive. We follow the Letters and Sounds scheme.

What is Letters and Sounds?

Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘common exception words’, which are words with spellings that are unusual and do not necessarily follow the phonic patterns.

For more information on Letters and Sounds follow this link: 

The Phonics Test

Phonics screening tests take place when the children are in Year 1. This usually happens at the beginning of June and consists of 40 words that children have to blend and read. The pass rate in 2019 was 32/40. If your child is unsuccessful at passing the phonics screening test, they have another opportunity to take the test in Year 2.

Phonics Club

At Junction Farm Miss Barron runs a phonics club on a Wednesday evening. This club runs on an invite only basis and it is strongly encouraged for your child to attend if your child is invited.


Here are some top tips to help during reading sessions with your child at home:

  • · Talk about the pictures within the text before your child starts to read. Ask them what they can see and what they think might be happening.
  • · When your child comes across an unfamiliar word discuss its meaning. If you have access to a dictionary at home encourage your child to use it.
  • · Discuss alternative words – you may wish to encourage your child to use a thesaurus.
  • · Make predictions – ask your child what might happen next and why they think this.
  • · You may wish for your child to start at the end of the book then discuss what they think may have happened in the story before that point.
  • · Discuss the feelings of the different characters.
  • · Where is the story set – has your child read any other books with a similar setting?
  • · Discuss the problem in the story – what has happened? Why have things gone wrong?
  • · Discuss the resolution – how has the problem been solved? How else could it have been solved?
  • · Is this a fact or fiction book and how do you know?
  • · Would your child recommend this and why?

During reading:

  • · Encourage children to use expression when reading, especially for the voices of the different characters.
  • · Discuss punctuation and why it has been used.
  • · You may want to take it in turns to read with your child.
  • · Your child is never too old for you to listen to them read.

If you have any concerns about your child’s reading please book an appointment to see your child’s teacher.